Glossary

A definition, a word, a doubt ?


ACR
Classification used in radiology for the interpretation of mammography
ADENOMYOSIS
Very frequent pathology of the myometrium, usually leading to pain and bleeding.
ADNEXECTOMY
Surgical action consisting in removing the tube and ovary.
ADNEXIA
Anatomical entity associating the fallopian tubes and ovaries
AMBULATORY
Surgery performed in the Operating Room where the patient enters and leaves the facility on the same day.
AMENORRHEA
Absence of menstruation in a woman after puberty and before menopause
AMP
Assisted Medical Procreation
ASCUS
Abnormal result of a smear that revealed mild cell abnormalities without HPV being detected.
ASSISTED MEDICAL PROCREATION
Medical specialty
BARTHOLIN GLAND
Two excretory glands located on either side of the vaginal fork.
BARTHOLINITY
Very painful infection of the Bartholin gland.
BHCG
Chorionic gonadotropic hormone secreted by the placenta in early pregnancy.
BREAST LUMPECTOMY
Surgical removal of a breast nodule
BREAST TUMOR DETECTION
Radiologic technique used to locate a non-palpable breast tumor before exeresis.
CHLAMYDIAE
Very frequent sexually transmitted bacterial infection that can cause infertility.
CIN (Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia)
Ancient anatomopathological classification of HPV-related cervical abnormalities.
CLIN
French committee for the control of nosocomial infections.
COELIOSCOPIA
Surgical intervention in which the surgeon works in video surgery.
COLPOCELE
Collapse of the bottom of the vagina in a woman who has already had a hysterectomy.
COLPOSCOPIA
Diagnostic examination of the cervix using a microscope.
CONISATION
Surgical intervention performed for the treatment of a cervical pathology.
CONTRACEPTION
Medical or non-medical methods used by a woman of childbearing age to avoid getting pregnant.
CONTRACEPTIVE IMPLANT
Long-term micro-dose progestogen subcutaneous contraception.
CONTRACEPTIVE RING
Monthly oestroprogestogenic contraception placed in the vagina.
CURETING
Surgical intervention to empty the uterine cavity.
CYSTOCELE
Collapse of the anterior wall of the vagina opposite of the swelling bladder.
DERMOIDS
Organic ovarian cyst whose wall is made up of various mature cells, all of which are of epidermal origin.
DIAGNOSTIC HYSTEROSCOPY
Involves inserting a camera into the uterine cavity for diagnostic purposes. May be performed in consultation.
DYSMENORRHEAE
Pain during menstruation.
DYSPAREUNIA
Pain during sexual intercourse.
ECTOPIC PREGNANCY
Pregnancy ectopy that develops outside the uterine cavity and whose outcome will not be an active pregnancy.
ENDO-UTERINE POLYP
Protrusion of a mucosal tissue called the endometrium requiring medical attention.
ENDOMETER
Mucosa lining the endo-uterine cavity.
ENDOMETRECTOMY
Surgical action consisting in removing the endometrium by hysteroscopy
ENDOMETRIOMA
Organic ovarian cyst with an endometrium-like tissue wall.
ENDOMETRIOSIS
A disease in which endometrial-like tissue is found elsewhere than in the uterine cavity.
ENDOMETRIOTIC CYST
Endometrioma
ENDOMETRY
Endometrial infection.
ENTEROCELE
Presence of bowel bulges during posterior vaginal prolapse.
ESSURE
Definitive contraception by hysteroscopy, now banned in France.
FUNCTIONAL CYST
Benign ovarian cyst with spontaneous regression
HIGH GRADE
Abnormal result of a smear that revealed serious cell abnormalities caused by HPV activation.
HUMAN PAPILLOMA VIRUS
Family of viruses, especially those responsible for dysplastic and cancerous lesions of the cervix
HYSTEROPTOSIS
A prolapse of the uterus called middle-stage prolapse.
HYSTEROSALPINGOGRAPHY
Radiology examination to assess the permeability of the tubes and the uterine cavity for a fertility check-up.
HYSTEROSCOPIA
Consists in introducing a camera into the uterine cavity.
INTRACYSTIC HEMORRHAGE
Bleeding of a functional cyst during its evolution.
INTRAPERITONEAL CYSTECTOMY
Surgical procedure performed by laparoscopy to remove a cyst from the ovary.
INTRAUTERINE SYNECHIAE
Adherence within the uterine cavity, most commonly corresponding to a scar and which can be a cause of infertility
INTRAUTERINE SYSTEM
Long-term contraception, also known as an IUD
IPC
Intraperitoneal cystectomy
ISTHMOCELE
Aka Cesarian Section Scar is a reservoir-like pouch defect on the anterior wall of the uterine isthmus located at the site of a previous cesarean delivery scar
IUD (Intrauterine device)
Placement in the uterus of a device with or without hormone as part of long-term contraception
LEUCORRHOEA
Bloodless vaginal discharge.
LOW GRADE
Abnormal result of a smear that revealed mild cell abnormalities caused by HPV activation.
MAMMOGRAPHY
Radiology check-up to examine the breasts.
MASTECTOMY
Surgical removal of one or both breasts, partially or completely.
MASTODYNIA
Breast pain
MDTM
Multidisciplinary Team Meetings (management of cancer, endometriosis, prolapse, etc.).
MENOPAUSE
Cessation of a woman's reproductive ability
MENORRAGIES
Abnormally heavy and prolonged menstrual bleeding
METRORRHAGIA
Vaginal bleeding between the expected menstrual periods
MUCINOUS CYST
Organic Ovarian Cyst
NEXPLANON
Trade name of the subcutaneous contraceptive implant
NULLIGEST
Woman who has never had a pregnancy
NULLIPARE
Woman who has never given birth
NUVARING
Trade name of the vaginal contraceptive ring
NYMPHOPLASTY
Repair surgery of the vulva labia majora
ONCOGENETICS
Medical specialty aimed at establishing the genetic and therefore potentially transmissible nature of a cancer
OVARIAN DRILLING
Surgical technique to pierce immature ovarian follicles.
OVARIAN TERATOMA
Dermoid cyst
PCOS
Polycystic ovarian syndrome
PESSARY
Medical device inserted into the vagina to repress a prolapse
POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN SYNDROME (PCOS)
Frequent syndrome diagnosed by both ultrasound and biological examination
PROLAPSE
Protuberance of organs by the vagina
PROMONTOFIXATION
Surgical intervention in which organs are lifted up to the promontory as a treatment of a prolapse
RECTOCELE
Rectum hernia forming a bulge in the vagina aka posterior vaginal wall prolapse
SALPINGECTOMY
Surgical action consisting in the removal of a fallopian tube also called salpinx
SALPINGITY
Infection of the fallopian tubes predominantly bilateral
SENTINEL NODE
Oncology procedure allowing only the first lymph nodes to be removed in such a way as to achieve a targeted and less-invasive procedure.
SEROUS CYST
Most frequent organic ovarian cyst
SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASE
An infectious disease that can be contracted during sexual intercourse (even without penetration).
SMEAR
Painless cervical cancer screening examination.
STD
Sexually transmitted disease
STI
Sexually transmitted infection.
STRESS URINARY INCONTINENCE
Unintentional urine loss during effort or coughing.
SUB-TOTAL HYSTERECTOMY
Surgical procedure consisting in removing the body from the uterus and leaving the cervix in place.
SUBURETHRAL SLING
Prosthetic device placed under the urethra in the management of stress urinary incontinence.
SUCTION
Surgical intervention to drain the contents of the uterine cavity.
SUI
Stress Urinary Incontinence.
SURGICAL HYSTEROSCOPY
Consists in inserting a camera into the uterus and performing a surgical procedure.
SUS (Sub Urethral Sling)
Surgical technique to treat stress urinary incontinence.
TORSION OF THE ADNEXIA
Surgical emergency. Rotation of the ovary around its pedicle causing its vascularization to stop
TOT
Trans Obturator Tape sling. Surgical technique in the management of urinary incontinence (SUS)
TOTAL HYSTERECTOMY
Surgical action consisting in removing the body and cervix from the uterus.
TUBAL LIGATION
Surgical action resulting in the loss of tubal permeability
TUBAL STERILIZATION
Surgical gesture allowing permanent contraception
TVT
Tension free Vaginal Tape. Surgical technique in the management of urinary incontinence (SUS)
UDS (Urodynamic Studies)
In-office examination to analyze bladder function.
URINARY INCONTINENCE
Unintentional urine leakage.
UTERIN FIBROID
Benign tumor of the uterus developed within the myometrium containing fibrous tissue.
UTERIN MYOMA
Uterine fibroma
UTERINE LEIMYOMA
Uterine fibroma
VAGINAL FUNGUS
Most frequent vaginal infection most likely with Candida Albicans